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Santhia

To read Gurbani a Sikh must understand the 35 letters of Gurmukhi that are produced at the different chakras of the body. We must be able to read them, and write them, and pronounce them properly. This can be learnt from the Shironmani Khalsa Panth Akali Buddha Panjva Takht, at Dam dama sahib rakhba by the 96 crori Jathedar Baba Joginder Singh ji. You can also learnt Gurmukhi vidiya from Dam Dami Taksal, the Nirmala Sampradava, Udasi Sampradava and Sewapanthi Sampradava, who have many schools to teach this. Gurmukhi was created by Guru Nanak Dev ji, according to the Court poets of the Tenth Guru. There are photographs of a pothi belonging to Guru Nanak Dev ji that clearly prove that he started of this vidiya in Sikhi.

To learn Gurbani a Sikh should first do ardas, or visit Gurdwara Likharsar at Dam Dama sahib Guru ki Kanshi and write the akhars in the process given there.
Gurdwara Likhansar Sahib is an historical Sikh shrine situated in Talwandi Sabo in Bhathinda Distt. It is a square hall, including a domed sanctum within it, at the southeastern corner of the sarovar, holy tank. Likhansar derive from two words Likhan i.e writing and Sar i.e sarover or holy pond i.e The Pond Of Writing.

In Talvandi Sabo (Damdama Sahib) under Guru Gobond Singh’s supervision his scholars and calligraphers Bhai Mani Singh and Baba Dip Singh compiled the Dasam Granth, and made four copies of the Guru Granth Sahib. The teaching of Gurbani in the Nihang Singh Dal’s is an old age tradition dating back to the time of the tenth Guru. At Sabo Ki Talwandi in the city of Bhatinda stands Gurdwara Damdama Sahib, Guru Ki Kanshi (Guru’s university). Here Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji spent nine months and nine days teaching correct Gurbani Ucharan (pronunciation) and Arth (meanings) to 48 Singhs. Such was the intense spiritual wealth in katha (discourse) that all the Singhs ascended towards heaven at its completion while yet alive. Tradition states that The Guru reached out and brought back Baba Deep Singh and Bhai Mani Singh to earth so that they could pass on their teachings to other Sikhs, both of the great saints passed on their knowledge to many Singhs. Baba Deep Singh in fact went on to become a leader of an army of Nihang Singhs while also teaching and preparing manuscripts.

According to Bhai Koer Singh, Gurbilas Patshahi 10, there used to be a pool of water here in the days of Gurū Gobind Siṅgh, who sitting here sometimes would have reed-pens for the writers made and then throw them into the pool. It was here that Bhai Mani Singh ji who used a kalam/s to pen the Guru Granth Sahib dictated by Guru Gobind Singh. Later the Guru Sahib threw all the ink and kalams (a reed carved into a pen) into the Gurdwara's Sarovar and gave a blessing saying, 'whomsoever shall write the thirty five words of the Gurmukhi here will be blessed with a sharp mind'.

Once, Bhai Dalla, the local chief converted a disciple, entreated him to explain why he ordered thousands of pens to be cut and thrown away. To quote the Sākhī Pothī the Gurū said : "Thousands of Sikhs will hereafter study the holy texts in this place and then pens will come into use. This is our Kashi (seat of learning); those who study here will cast off their ignorance and rise to be authors, poets and commentators. "

Now there is a Gurdwara named Likhansar (The Pond of Writing) at the spot where pilgrims bow before the Punjabi alphabet (Painti Gurmukhi). There used to be a sand pit in the gurdwara on which mothers made their young children put the first letter of the script a holding their hand. Now there is marble all over.

From Gurbilas Patshahi 10
The Following lines are present in Gurbilas Patshahi 10 related to this place:

This is the Kashi of the Guru, the school of learning.
It always waits on its toes for the wise.

Pilgrims bow their heads to the 35 Gurmukhi alphabet.
The light wells up from each letter with rare meanings.

Miracles happen all the time they are never history.
And the myth is transformed into truth.

In the windstorm of falsehood, it’s darkness at noon.
Out of dust clouds appear the friendly faces.

All happens in the present moment of time.
In a scratch three centuries shrink into a second.

The Kalghidhar(Guru Gobind Singh) sits by the pond of Likhansar.
He dips the reed-pen in the ink divine then puts the first letter.

He sharpens the reeds and throws them in the pond.
They have holy dip praising the Lord.

The satguru answers to congregation’s bewilderment:
The reeds are the seeds of knowledge and contemplation.

For the Sikhs I sharpen the reeds and offer them to the water.
To reach generations of my Sikhs to come.*

Deep Singh and Mani Singh’s calligraphy is like pearls stringed.
How fortunate they are they trace the first word.

This pen is like khandā the double edged sword.
It cuts many ways it’s hard to fathom its essence.

Bhai Mani Singh laid down his life mangled bone by bone.
and Deep Singh, they say, died holding his severed head on his left hand and the khandā in the right.

In the congregation I stand with folded hands
With apprehension waiting for the gift of the pen.

A fire burns in my heart that I keep my promise.
I seek no deliverance save the love for the word.

With nervous hand I put the first letter on earth-paper.
I’ll need many an incarnation to learn, unlearn and then learn again.

Then a Sikh should learn the Akhars (letters) and then move onto the Moharani.